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North Cyprus Coastline

Northern Cyprus

Northern Cyprus or North Cyprus, is located in the northern portion of the island of Cyprus. Long-standing tensions between the ethnic Greek and Turkish Cypriot populations resulted in a partitioning of the island, resettlement of many of its inhabitants, and a subsequent unilateral declaration of independence by the north in 1983. Attempts to reach a political solution to the dispute have so far been unsuccessful but both communities maintain open borders between the two nations with no restriction in movement of people between the two communities. Both communities have lived in peace but separate existence post 1974.
Nicosia, the island's largest city is capital of both states

Geography and climate

Cyprus enjoys a typical Mediterranean climate, with long dry summers (up to 46% centigrade hotter than Lagos Nigeria) and mild winters with the main seasons being separated by a relatively short autumn and spring period. There are approximately 300 days of sunshine per year.

There are more than 70,000 university students in six universities in Northern Cyprus: Near East University, Girne American University, Middle East Technical University, European University of Lefke, Cyprus International University, Eastern Mediterranean University (EMU), all, except METU, established since 1974. EMU is an internationally recognised institution of higher learning with more than 1000 faculty members from 35 countries. There are 15,000 students in EMU representing 68 nationalities.

Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque in Famagusta
(Gazimagusa). Formerly ?he Saint Nicolas
Cathedral before its conversion in 157


Tourism remains an important source of revenue for Northern Cyprus. Northern Cyprus has one of the most beautiful coastlines and mountain ranges in the Mediterranean.


Salamis is one of the important ancient
cities in North Cyprus


The economy of Northern Cyprus is dominated by the services sector (69% of GDP) which includes the public sector, trade, tourism and education. Industry (light manufacturing) contributes 22% of GDP and agriculture 9%.  
The number of tourists visiting Northern Cyprus during January-August 2009 was 580,000, up from 386,901 in the prior year.